Sojuzpushnina is one of the oldest companies in the world that organizes international fur auctions.
At the auctions, you can see furs from various regions of Russia and neighboring countries. It is famous for offering the unique collection of Russian sable.
The company has a great history, which began from 30s of the XX century.
Its appearance was a logical step, because Russian furs have always been highly valued abroad. The government understood the need for economic development of the country. That is why it was interested in exporting fur products.
The first deliveries of furs to foreign auctions in Leipzig, London, and Copenhagen began in 1918.
During this period, cooperative, state-owned and joint-stock organizations were engaged in exporting. However, it was not profitable to sell furs through commission agents.
The first success that allowed thinking about creating a domestic auction came in 1921-1922 in Leipzig, when foreign manufacturers highly rated the Soviet fur. Everyone understood that the demand for Soviet furs would grow.
In 1926 the matter of creating a domestic fur auction was widely discussed in soviet press. Leningrad, Vladivostok and Archangelsk were put forward as possible locations for conducting the auction. However, various problems prevented the resolution of this matter; the main problem being that the furs export business was in the hands of a great many companies that did not coordinate their activity. Foreign markets and buyers were insufficiently studied and necessary skilled personnel were lacking.
In 1930, the government established the All Union Fur Syndicate, the main function of which was to centralize the export of furs on the market.
After that, on October 24, 1931, the Syndicate reorganized into the All Union Fur Association «Sojuzpushnina», which monopolized the sale of Russian furs on the world market. Thus, the idea of creating an auction was implemented.
The first auction was organized in Leningrad in March 1931. 78 representatives of 67 foreign companies from 12 countries attended the auction. At the auction, 95% of the furs were sold at prices on the average 6-8% higher than those of the London auction that had taken place in February the same year.
The first auctions were received wild furs, because fur farming began to develop much later.
The collection was presented mainly by wolf, raccoon, marten, Fox, mink, Arctic Fox, lynx, sable, marmot, polecat, etc. The farm furs share was still just 3% .
The Leningrad fur auction made it possible to freely maneuver cash resources, facilitate the selection and compilation of the auction collections, but the main benefit was that it provided a solid export base and allowed working without intermediary centers.
In May 1941, «Sojuzpushnina» EEA was established as Fur-Association that included the Moscow furs cold store, Bukhara and Charjow astrakhan plants, fur-stores in Lubertsi, Vologda, Harkov, Rostov, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk and Vladivostok.
With the approach of The Great Patriotic War, Sojuzpushnina was moved from Leningrad to Novosibirsk where it continued prepare furs for export. From 1941 to 1945, all goods went to the USA – the share of fur purchases from the USSR was 100%.
Only 25 employees of Sojuzpushnina were left in Leningrad to maintain The Palace of Furs.
From 1939 to 1947, auctions were not held.
The first post-war Leningrad fur auction, the 18th in a row, took place in 1947.
The opening of fur auctions happened on July 21, and for the first time they were held by Soviet auctioneers in Russian. Subsequently, with the growing experience of auctioneers sales began to be held in English.
Despite the long break in auction activity the main customers were very active and over 80% of furs were sold at the auction sales.
The most significant post-war auction was the 31st fur auction in 1960, which was attended by 198 guests. The auction clearly showed that trade relations with foreign buyers continue to develop successfully. As a result of intense competition, 93% of the products were sold.
In the 60’s-80’s «Sojuzpushnina» was confidently holding a leading position on the world fur market, and the Leningrad fur auctions drew hundreds of customers from all over the world.
In 1963, there were 2 auctions, the January auction appeared. Since 1964, the auction in Leningrad began to be held 3 times a year in January, July and October.
During this period, exports were developing not only due to wild furs, but also due to the growth of production of a new agricultural sector - fur farming (mink, arctic fox, fox, karacul, sable). In fact which was made with the direct participation of the VO Sojuzpushnina. Mink breeding was a priority.
From 1960 to 1980, the production of mink pelts increased by 50 times, so by 1980 the number was more than 11 million skins. Exports of this goods increased from 240 thousand in 1960 to 2.6 million pelts in 1980.
In 1976, the 72nd international fur auction became the largest event in the international fur trade. The range of furs and the number of participants was unparalleled. About 2.2 million pelts of various animal species were exhibited and sold. The auction was attended by 287 buyers from 28 countries.
In January 1989 the government created an enlarged foreign economic association «Novexport» EEA that included «Sojuzpushnina», «Exportlen», «Novexport», and «Vneshposyltorg». But later, in the post-soviet years, Sojuzpushnina again restored its independence as a unitary state enterprise (USE): «Sojuzpushnina» USE.
In 1991 there was the collapse of the USSR, the transition from socialism to capitalism.
And also a difficult time for fur farming. If in Soviet times there were about 250 animal farms, by the beginning of 2004 there are about 50 of them.
In May 16, 1999 Sojuzpushnina was transformed into the open joint-stock company, and part of the state package of Sojuzpushnina shares were sold.
In November 13, 2003 the joint-stock company Sojuzpushnina EEA was completely privatized.
In 2009, AC Sojuzpushnina moved to Mebelnaya street in a modern equipped place.
2019 opens a new chapter for AC Sojuzpushnina.
The company is undergoing personnel changes. The common strategy of the company is changing. It is based on the desire to preserve the best traditions in the preparation of auctions and a modern approach to solving tasks.
The results of wild and farm sable sales at the 211th auction in 2020 showed that AC Sojuzpushnina remains the leading company for the sale of this fur.